How to cutting

Making cuttings Plants and trees

Learning to make a cutting is a masterful way of multiplying fruit trees and plants. Moreover, it is a much simpler technique than you think, and once you do, you can no longer stop playing the species in your garden, to invite your friends and family, or to take with you when you move to another site .

When we talk about making a cutting, we refer to the proliferation of a plant species from the removal of a stretch of yolk (a twig) capable of prolonging the development of the variety, including flowering and rooting.
That is, the technique takes a bit of an existing plant, and makes a new one in a matter of time.

Types of cuttings

There are three methods to make a cutting, stake or peg, depending on the species to multiply. You can choose between woody cuttings (hardwood), semi-ligneous (softwood) or root.

Making a woody cuttings

The woody cuttings is right for varieties of deciduous and evergreen, but should be conducted where the species has lost its leaves in the first or in autumn and winter in the second.

Using sharp scissors, cut a twig must have at least one year and older, between 20 and 40 centimeters long. The cut should be made just below a node or bud (thickening of the branch), and the final cut, in the outer end of the cutting, about 2 cm of the last node or bud, both in straight cuts or just biased. If necessary (as in the case of perennial) should remove sheets located closer yolks, or half the cutting, towards its base.

Once cut the cuttings should be placed on the ground, either on the ground or in pots, I putting mulch over the soil or covered with plastic in cold climates. Just before planting, spread the lower end (which, when cut, was closer to the plant or tree native) with a powder or liquid rooting, to promote its development. To make a successful cutting is essential to respect the polarity of the branches: the bottom must be going on the ground, without exception.

Making semi-ligneous cuttings

If what you want is to multiply softwood trees or shrubs, you have to do is a somewhat hairy cutting. This technique is best done in mid-spring or early summer, the weather is hot or mild.

To make a somewhat hairy twigs cutting you should put about 15 or 20 centimeters long, having 2-3 knots. The court also made below the first, lower stem leaves are removed (leaving two or three pairs at the outer end), and the base or bottom cut or liquid rooting hormone powder is impregnated.

Place the cuttings in pots or trays with mulch or cropland, and keep moist until you feel it has grabbed land and has sprouted. Be sure to place the lower court on the ground, burying two thirds (the part without leaves) to greater success.

You do semi-ligneous cuttings successfully keeping the new growth away from direct sunlight, but in a warm place, with barely moist soil or requiring the variety.

How to root cuttings

To root cuttings, suitable for fruit trees and other varieties, the best time is between autumn and spring. As the name implies, you must select root pieces, mature and well developed, the thickness of about a pencil.

Cut the part obtained in smaller sections, of about 5 centimeters long, and making angle cuts at source, and right at the end. Place the cuttings in the substrate vertically polarity of the species (the original cut down) and keep a stable climate and low humidity until you feel development or sprouting.

You only find out about the species you want to play, to learn more about their requirements multiplication, water, land and others. With these three easy to make a cutting techniques you can multiply all sorts of species in your garden.

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