Types of hollyHolly bushes (botanical name – Encina) are a genus containing over 400 species. They are ornamental plants that have been used for decoration and as hedging instruments since ages. The different types of holly bushes are widely used in flower gardens throughout Europe and America.
Blue Arbustos Ilex meserveae
This variegated holly is named after its creator, the Mrs. F. Leighton Meserve New York. Mrs. Meserve used two different types of holly, Ilex Rogusa (which was strong but not very attractive) and Ilex aquifolium (which was attractive, but not very resistant) and created a hybrid in the 1960s This hybrid was the attractive and rugged. The first hybrids were called Blue Boy and Blue Girl (as hollies are males or females). Later, as the hybrids were created, received different names like Blue Prince and Blue Princess, blue and blue Maid Stallion, Blue Angel, Honey Maid, Chica Dorada, etc.
These bushes are dark green and bright light will be red berries. Are one of the most common varieties and grow to a height of 9 to 12 feet. As they grow, their foliage turns dark green to blue-green wax. That is why it is called Blue Holly. Its berries are useful if you want to attract robins and other small birds to your garden because they are the favorites of birds and insects. In addition to attracting birds, but also serve as a wonderful garden plants coverage. Its dark green foliage dotted with bright red berries gives your garden a festive look throughout the year.
Japanese Arbustos Ilex crenata
This type of growth is slow, but you can live more than 75 years. The distinct feature of this holly is that, despite their branching habit is dense, its leaves are delicate texture and shot. The berries are usually black, but in some Japanese hollies are a shade of golden yellow.
Other names and varieties that are under Japanese Holly are convex, Microphylla, Dwarf Pagoda, Green Lustre, etc. These types grow to an average height of 2-13 feet. They are strong and can be pruned severely. This feature makes them an excellent choice for strong and tall hedges garden.
American Arbustos Ilex opaca
The American holly, as its name indicates, is among the Native American holly shrub. This type grows to a height of 15-30 feet. The foliage is dark green and the leaves are small and pointed. They wear bright red berries. Some other varieties are American Holly Hedge Cobalt, Cardinal, Miss Helen, etc. The American holly is widely used as an ornamental plant for landscape design in gardens across America and Europe, and also for festive decorations.
Chinese Arbustos Ilex cornuta
Holly is a very dense bush chinese foliated which can grow to a height of 25 feet. The leaves are dark green, glossy and rounded shrub. The berries are initially very small and light green, and grow and gradually turn yellow and eventually brown. This variety is the first that has flowers and fruits in spring and has the largest berries among all varieties of holly.
The unique feature of this shrub is that it can support independent male berry bushes. However, the berries grow in abundance if a male bush nearby. Since the foliage is almost impermeable, this shrub is perfect to be used a privacy hedge. Some of its varieties are Dwarf Burford, Carissa, etc.
Inkberry Arbustos Ilex glabra
The Holly Inkberry is probably the most robust of all types of holly. It can withstand extreme cold, a good amount of heat and grows well in wet and swampy wetlands. The leaves, which are bright at first green, glossy dark green as they mature. As the plant grows, it begins to lean towards the ground. The Inkberry Holly grows to 8-10 feet. The black berries which runs are a good source of food for birds. Since this shrub has a very thick foliage, which can be used as a decorative border around ponds, bridges, buildings, etc. Some cultivars are Shamrock, Nordic, Nigra, etc.
English Arbustos Ilex aquifolium
The Holly English is a plant native to Europe. It was brought to North America that is used as an ornamental. An average English Holly can grow up to 30 feet. The foliage is dense and the leaves are pointed and sharp edges. The leaves are a deep shade of green, waxy and have a shiny appearance. The flowers are sweet smell and berries are dark red. English holly berries are toxic if ingested by humans. Even birds and insects wait until the berries are ripe before eating the berries as they are extremely bitter. Their crops include rubricaulis Aurea, Pedro, etc.
How to Plant a Holly Bush
If proper care is not taken during planting, hollies not be able to serve your purpose and your garden may come to seem horrible! Read on to learn more about how you can plant them.
First dig a deep hole in the ground where it will keep the mount because it does not grow well if transferred from one place to another. The hole should be almost as deep as the container from which will plant the bush, and at least three times wider.
Then carefully remove the mount and place it in the hole.
Holly trees grow well in sunlight but they grow quite well in the shade too. Therefore, planting shrubs in a place where they receive about the same amount of sunlight and shadow.
The particularity of these caps is that they are dioecious, that is, each plant has only one set of reproductive organs, whether man or woman. Therefore, for pollination takes place, it is necessary for male and female plants are planted at a distance of 5-6 feet of each other.
After planting shrubs, watered generously.
Then fertilize shrubs with an acid fertilizer, preferring acidic soils.
Arbustos The best time to plant a holly bush is at the beginning of winter, and in a marshy area, as hollies prefer wet areas. They are slow growing but add a cheerful look to your garden!
How to identify if a Bush is male or female
As mentioned above, hollies are dioecious. Although they are inherently male and single female, it becomes quite difficult to identify a male from a female at first sight. Read the tips given below to know how to identify each other.
By Arbustos Both male and female hollies have flowers with 4 petals. If you check out minutes from the flowers, you will notice either 4 yellow stamens or a green bulb structure. The flowers with yellow stamens are men and those with green bulbs are females.
By Arbustos Generally, it’s only female shrubs that produce berries due to pollination. Therefore, it is pretty safe to say that the bushes holly with berries are not berries women and men.
I hope this article has helped you. The next time you think about gardening or want spiffy your garden, make sure you choose the type of holly and take good care of her.