Sunflower plantsA sunflower flower brightens any patio with a unique twist, than any other flower can not match. With bright yellow petals, this plant bloom sun lover really justifies its name. According to the taxonomy, sunflower belongs to the Asteraceae family, which includes common plants as the garden, asters, daisies and gerberas.
How to grow sunflower plants?
Sunflower plants are not only appreciated for their aesthetic value, but also have edible seeds that serve as sources of vegetable oil. An impressive facts about Sunflower is a single flower can produce up to 2,000 seeds. If you want to grow ornamental purposes or sunflower seeds, which can be easily accomplished with basic gardening skills. The following tips are easy sunflower seed, you can implement into your gardening project.
Select Variety of sunflower
The most important step is selecting the right variety for planting house. You can research sunflower cultivars regarding their care and maintenance level. It also notes the size of the flower, plant height and disease resistant. Popular varieties of sunflower are Teddy Bear Dwarf (2 feet), Giant Gray Stripe (15 feet), Italian White (6 feet) and Orange Sun Bright (6 feet).
Ideal planting time
The best time to plant sunflower is in the spring. However, the preferred growth period varies, depending on whether you are sowing seeds or planting sunflower seedlings directly. If you are interested in planting seeds, consider germination of sunflower seeds in before the arrival of heavy frosting. So when that spring and develop few leaves, the environmental condition may become hot.
Sow seeds of sunflower
Although some varieties of sunflower plants do well with direct sowing in garden soil, do not take risks. Instead you can prepare at home a seed and sow seeds. Or an easy way is to sow seeds in pots with peat. If you are interested in planting outdoors, prepare the soil and lightly sprinkle sunflower seeds. Cover the area with a screen to conserve soil moisture and also to avoid feeding birds.
Transplant seedlings sunflower
Transplant seedlings sunflower is best done after frosting is over. Even light frost can cause damage to young plants. Furthermore, careful manipulation of the sunflower seedlings were expected since they are fragile and prone to injury. For transplantation, loosen garden soil with a shovel and add compost to increase fertility. Make planting holes large enough to hold the root system of sunflower seedlings. Gently place the plants, maintaining a gap of about 10 inches between two plants and then cover the roots with soil.
Care sunflower plants
After transplantation, sunflower seedlings generously water for the first weeks. For optimum plant growth, sunlight in the morning and afternoon shade is required. As for fertilization, you can buy a fertilizer with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the ratio girasoles. Add the appropriate amount of this formulation near sunflower plants (approximately 2-3 inches) from the stem. After that, water them to promote the assimilation of nutrients. Tall varieties of sunflower requires rethinking to support and protect the mother from strong winds.
The harvesting of plants
As they grow sunflower plants in spring, most likely will bloom in summer. Sunflower seed collection should be followed after the flowers die, or when most of the petals have fallen. You can check the fullness of seeds by opening a few. If they are full and the seeds inside touches the outer layer, they are ready for harvest. To harvest, cut the flower head with a sharp knife, making sure to keep a few inches of the stalk. Let the flower heads to properly dry before removing the seeds.
Apply these tips on how to grow from seed, sunflower and surely you will be surprised how your plants are growing. With healthy sunflower plants, you will notice birds visiting your yard. Plants have no major disease problems, but whether junk food for squirrels and other invaders.