CURTAIN WALLING PLANT IN FACADESGREEN WALL OR VEGETABLE GARDEN
New trends in the world of construction and rehabilitation of buildings are moving towards an architecture where vegetation is integrated as an architectural element. This trend that, until not long ago, was used to create a special type of roofs, green roofs, began to spread to other elements of the building envelope: the fronts.
Interestingly green walls or vertical gardens arise not so much in the field of architecture but of botany when Patrick Blanc, French botanist, after carefully observing the natural environment of tropical countries begins to design how to create vertical gardens on the facades of the buildings.
We could define the green walls or vertical gardens as a vertical installation anchored to the building structure and plant cover. Different types of green walls on all but the overall structure is composed of a series of modules of about 5050 cm. about to be assembled to a metallic structure which in turn is anchored to the wall of the building support. between the different types of vertical gardens is the curtain walls plant in which the modules that make up the wall structure green curtain, are interconnected by a system of drip irrigation and in each module, the vegetation is placed on a soil type very light under which a special geotextile support is placed.
The plant is a curtain wall construction system for cladding in the integration of vegetation and architecture in a natural way and provides many benefits to buildings: They have little consumption of water and nutrients and can use gray water for irrigation so They can be used for recycling, low maintenance with the cost of maintenance, resistance to failures in irrigation, easy installation that allows the alternation of different materials (glass and vegetation) is cheaper.
Overall, the incorporation of green walls or vertical gardens on the facades of the buildings encourage energy savings because they serve as thermal insulation for the building, it increases the sound insulation reduce noise pollution (a vegetable curtain wall 8 cm thick It is able to isolate up to 40 dB) and provide health benefits through the ability of plants to filter harmful gases and generate oxygen.