CERAMIC COATINGS FOR FACADES

TYPES OF CERAMIC COATINGS

Ceramic coatings are made using clay and other mineral components, and sometimes additives of different nature that, after having been milled, sieved, kneaded, humidified and molded with various processes (extrusion, pressing. . ) Are dried and subjected to different treatments (enamelled decoration.
) before being cooked (one or more times) in high temperature furnaces.

They served on pottery of different sizes, thicknesses, colors and surface finishes. A first classification of ceramic tiles for facades allows for fundamental dostipos debaldosas facade ceramics: Ceramic tiles glazed and unglazed ceramic tiles.

Depending on the process used in the manufacture of ceramic coverings fachadaspodemos make a first classification of the same in: Ceramic tiles red body or white paste tiles also called red body and white body tiles, earthenware, stoneware and porcelain stoneware.

Red body tiles and white paste tiles of ceramic coatings which are differentiated by the type of clay used in its manufacture: those containing oxides in its composition (mainly iron and manganese), which in the cooking process They will give different colors to the tile and not containing coloring oxides that have a white color after firing. They are characterized by ceramic tiles with a high degree of porosity, usually with application of glazed (enamel) and subjected to one or more firings.

Ceramic tiles ceramic tiles differ in their degree of porosity, low or very low for the rustic, low or medium glazed stoneware tiles and very low in the case of porcelain stoneware. The characteristic of rustic stoneware is the absence of glazed (enamel) and their use, mostly, like pavement. CERAMIC COATINGS FOR FACADES stoneware tiles and bricks used both for paving and ceramic cladding.

Constructive solutions for cladding with ceramic coating will depend largely on the technical characteristics and performance of materials used in the coating. So in the case of cladding facades, ie when pieces of ceramic coating adheres directly to the wall bracket, it is best to use ceramic tiles with a high degree of porosity to facilitate adhesion to the substrate and can be used only adhesive cement (appeased simple) or a combination of adhesive and mechanical reinforcement elements embedded in the separation joints between tiles and mechanically fixed to the enclosure. For ventilated facades, high mechanical and chemical resistance of porcelain stoneware features make ceramic coating material for fachadasde first choice.

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