Care and maintenance of Bonsai

Tips for Caring for a bonsai

While some information to care for a bonsai is needed, it is not necessary to travel to Asia to learn the proper techniques and you become a Sensei (teacher). You can start keeping this beautiful miniature tree with some initial tips.

The factors do not forget to care for a bonsai is growing conditions and health status (pay attention to buy it), the future location in the home (if it is inside or outside the home), the size (bonsai are advised to purchase a medium or large size for easier maintenance) and species (the most recommended are the ficus, the Ligustrum, olive and zelkova).


To care for a bonsai and prevent drying, it is essential to spend a few minutes a day. In that daily examination you should check overall, especially monitor soil moisture, and if you have some anomalies or spots on leaves. Remember that plants, flowers and trees show signs of what they need, lack or surplus in this way.

In turn, you should get supplies in the nursery or a specialty store. The basic tools for the care of a bonsai can be rather expensive, so what, buy the main and possibly serve you for more than one task. Then, over time you will go to increase your arsenal of weapons to make your mini tree look perfect.

Another option is to acquire the bonsai in a place where they offer courses or workshops, or where you can consult and ask questions whenever they arise. Do not hesitate to invest time and money into it, if you want to really care for a bonsai as it deserves.

Caring for a bonsai in 5 steps

To maintain a bonsai in perfect condition, not forgetting techniques are:
1. Location: It all depends on the target species. The interior that best suit are Serissa and Carmona, for example. Not bear sudden changes in temperature, but remember that they need certain conditions of light, humidity and temperature. Place it near a large window with the curtains open. The room should be cool (aléjalo heating) and have no problems with moisture. The outdoor bonsai species prefer full sun exposure, but be careful with the heat (avoid the midday sun).
2. Irrigation: In caring for a bonsai, watering is a fundamental pillar. One of the rules in this regard is to water when the soil surface begins to dry. But this can also vary depending on the area you live. In turn, some species have more water needs than others, if you are abroad require more water during hot periods and also depending on the type of container may require watering every three days.
3. Spraying: This technique is applied in cases of bonsai that are placed inside. In addition to cleaning the dust on the leaves, will provide coolness and humidity. These devices are available in stores smoothly and simulate light rain. Do not use it to irrigate the land.
4. Fertilizer: Caring for a bonsai has its secrets. For the subscriber, it is necessary to reduce the amount, considering that the tree will always live in a small space (pot). Add a small amount but in constant doses. During the spring the bonsai demand more than in winter, for example. There are different types, brands and properties.
5. Transplantation: This requires perhaps more knowledge, however, in the care of a bonsai should be contemplated since at some point the plant will need to move to a larger space. This will serve to renew the earth, aerating the roots and allow it to grow a bit more. Approximately every two years, an estimated bonsai transplant should be performed.

Pruning bonsai

Once you’ve acquired some practice in the care of a bonsai, then what follows is to learn how to prune. This is important for the plant and must be very careful. The three works included in this activity are: pruning, pinching and wiring.

Pruning: This technique serves to channel the shape of the bonsai as desired. It is to cut the branches that do not want to continue to grow. The time of year to prune the bonsai is vital, the most suitable in early spring. Always use special tools and sealant to prevent yeast infections.

Pinching: This is the second step to prune the bonsai. It serves to increase the density but reduce the size of the leaves. The tree will sprout buds that leave him. The best time for this is the spring or fall.

Wiring: A technique that runs parallel to bonsai pruning. It is used to guide the trunk and branches to have the style you want. Aluminum wire wound with some pressure. The best time for this is in autumn.

With all these explanations, you will already begin to care for a bonsai and enjoy its beauty.

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