Types of DepressionThere are several different types of depression. Two of the most common types are major depression (also called major depressive disorder) and dysthymic disorder. Other types of depression include manic depression (also called bipolar disorder), postpartum depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
Major depression is a set of symptoms that interfere with the ability to manage everyday life. Also known as clinical depression, this is what most people think of when the topic of depression comes. The symptoms of major depression are severe – sufferers can be almost impossible even to get out of bed in the morning.
Dysthymia is a depression that lasts two years or more, but with some milder symptoms of major depression. Dysthymia sometimes called chronic depression. Not off to the extent that major depression ago, but still prevents sufferers to function normally or working at its best. In addition, people with dysthymic disorder may also experience major depressive episodes.
Specific symptoms of dysthymic disorder include difficulty sleeping (sleeping too much or too little), lack of energy or fatigue, a sense of hopelessness, lowered self-esteem and difficulty making decisions or concentrating.
As dysthymia is softer and can participate only a few symptoms, it is much more likely to go undiagnosed and untreated. Dysthymia symptoms tend to be more durable and more resistant to treatment.
Manic depression (or bipolar disorder) is characterized by cycles of mania and depression. Mania refers to periods of excitement, overactivity, delusions and extreme responses. You can include violence. Manic episodes usually last at least a week. It also includes a high self-esteem, decreased need for sleep and excessive movement. People in the middle of mania can become involved at risk, but nice behavior. They are easily distracted and more talkative than usual. In some cases, the symptoms are so severe that hospitalization is necessary to prevent harm to self or others.
Postpartum depression (PPD) occurs among new mothers a few months after giving birth. It is more severe and intense than the normal baby blues that occur in the first weeks after birth. PPD is thought to be caused by hormonal changes, but is more likely to occur in difficult situations (under the support of the partner, a colicky baby, or a history of depression).
The seasonal, or SAD, SAD is another form of depression. It is connected to seasonal changes, usually in the fall or winter occur. The cause of SAD is not completely understood, but appears to be related to changes in the ccontradad of sunlight available. The lack of sunlight can affect sleep patterns or the balance of chemicals in the brain. Sometimes it’s hard to tell the difference between seasonal affective disorder and depression. Light therapy has proven to be an effective treatment for some people, but others require antidepressants drugs.